The Hudson River School was a 19th century American art movement influenced by romanticism, focusing primarily on landscape paintings of the United States. The Hudson River School was named after a series of paintings depicting the Hudson River Valley in the northeastern United States, although the movement gradually spread to other parts of New England and the southern and western United States as well. The Hudson River School students were influenced by European landscape artists such as Claude Lorrain, J.M.W. Turner, and John Constable. These artists were also contemporaries of the transcendentalist literature and philosophy movement in America, a group of writers made famous for their love of nature. 

Valley of the Yosemite, Albert Bierstadt, 1864.

The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak, Albert Bierstadt. 1863.

Mount Chocorua, New Hampshire, Thomas Cole. 1827.

Sunny Morning on the Hudson River, Thomas Cole. 1827.

The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, Thomas Moran. 1872.

The Chasm of the Colorado, Thomas Moran. 1874.



Cinquedea Short Sword

  • Dated: first quarter of the 16th Century
  • Place of Origin: North Italy
  • Measurements: overall length 54.4 cm

The cinquedea has a short, triangular, double-edged blade, with four grooves at the base - three at the centre and two toward the tip. The first two segments of the blade are finely engraved and gilt with effigy of knight on horseback under arches and between floral motifs, on both sides. The typical quillon with the arms bent toward the bottom and a small tip at the quillon-block is engraved and gilt with floral motifs.

The sword has a curved pommel engraved with floral motifs, the gilt bands feature inscriptions "AVXILIVM A SUPER" on a side, and "PRAEBENT VICTORIA" on the other. The bone grip has scales decorated with four filigree rosettes. A similar example can be seen in “Waffen im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum Griffwaffen I” by Hugo Schneider (page 56, N. 74).

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